The symbols of Christmas - stockings hanging up, poinsettias
on our office desks, holly draped everywhere — are so familiar that many of us barely notice them anymore. But each of those well-known
symbols has a history and tradition all its own. Candy canes, for instance, are thought to represent the staffs used by the shepherds
who journeyed to Bethlehem to see the Baby Jesus. Here are some of the other stories behind the familiar symbols of Christmas.
Why are red and green the colors of Christmas?
The colors have come down to us from the ancient Britons and Romans, who used holly to decorate their homes for winter. Because holly is
an evergreen which weathers the cold of winter, ancient peoples believed that the plant would lend its strength to their homes and families.
Holly also has meaning as a Christian symbol; the thorns are said to represent Christ's crown of thorns, and the red berries symbolize His blood.
Christmas trees have a long history that predates Christmas.
Long before the evergreen tree became a symbol of the Christmas season, it was a symbol of hope and joy. To the Vikings, it was a reminder that the
darkness and cold of winter would end and spring would return. One legend credits Reformation leader Martin Luther with beginning the
custom of the indoor decorated Christmas tree in sixteenth century Germany, and most historians agree that the custom of decorating
trees did begin in Germany. In 1841, German-born Prince Albert, husband of Queen Victoria, popularized Christmas trees in England by
displaying one at Windsor Castle. The first mention of a Christmas tree in America was in the mid-1800s, but the custom did not gain
widespread popularity until the early 1900s.
Druids, or Celtic priests, used mistletoe in religious ceremonies before
Christianity was brought to the Celtic lands. Because the plant has no roots (it's actually a parasite that attaches itself to a tree
and lives off the tree's root system), it was thought to have magical powers. This belief carried over into Christian times;
one Christian source likened mistletoe to a link between heaven and earth since it grows without touching the ground.
In Norse mythology, mistletoe was associated with Frigga, the goddess of love, who brought her son Balder back to life;
the plant's berries were believed to represent her tears. As a result, it was considered the plant of peace, and under it,
enemies in ancient Scandinavia met and reconciled their differences. This gave rise to the custom of kissing beneath the mistletoe,
which has survived to the present. The sprig of mistletoe no longer signals young warriors to throw down their weapons.
Instead it invites young and old to stretch out their arms and embrace in the spirit of Christmas.
Poinsettias are the subject of a beautiful legend from
Mexico, where it was customary in some areas for villagers to leave a gift for the Baby Jesus at church on Christmas Eve. A poor boy in
one village wanted very badly to give the Holy Child a gift but had no money to buy one. In desperation, he picked some weeds on his way
to church to leave as his gift. He prayed to God to help him show his love, and God answered by turning the weeds into a beautiful
star-shaped flower with bright red leaves. The poinsettia has been a beloved Christmas symbol ever since.
One of the better-known traditions of Christmas is the burning of the Yule Log.
The custom came to England from the Norse, who burned the juul in honor of the god Thor in pre-Christian times. The Christians of England adapted this
ancient rite for Christmas as a symbol of fellowship, warmth, and light. According to tradition, each member of a family was to sit upon the log and salute it
before it was lighted to assure good luck in the new year. To this day, the tradition of the Yule Log continues in many homes in both England and the United States.